The Tropical Border – 5th Year

Each year, I hope that the Tropical Border will improve on the one before; that it will produce more flower, more stature, more oomph.


And mostly that’s what it has done over the past five years … except perhaps this year.  Overall, 2016 hasn’t been its best.  It still looked pretty good though and the unfurling of vast leaves and splashes of loud, vibrant colour gave me a great deal of pleasure.  But if a few plants under-performed or failed to live up to my lofty expectation well, we all fail to deliver sometimes.


May 2016

I planted out the big tender plants from the greenhouse later than normal.  Usually I wheel out the colocasias and red bananas in April but – after some sad cases of frostbite in the past – I deferred till 12th May;


when Tetrapanax papyrifer ‘Rex’ showed the first glimmers of life.  Last year, I installed soaker hose in the border and connected it to an automatic watering system, which has saved me endless hours staring at a jet of water.  I left the hose in the ground overwinter and it survived without mishap … right up until the moment I stabbed it with a digging fork.  Twice.  (Cutting out the punctured length, inserting a short, rigid pipe into the cut ends and securing with couple of jubilee clips fixed that problem).


Canna ‘Red King Herbert’ emerging

As new growth emerged, I gathered my formidable number of steel plant supports


and, either singly or in pairs to form circles, pushed them in around the bendier of plants: the dahlias, the cannas and Salvia uliginosa.


By early July, the bed filled out shrinking the expanse of brown earth but one of the large red Abyssinian bananas (Ensete maurelii) – visible left, off centre – didn’t grow at all: from planting out until I dug it up again in November.


August 2016

A month later, when the border matured, it was completely lost from view and remained so for the rest of the season.   Which was annoying.  The Ensete is still alive it just … erm … didn’t grow.  I have no idea why as, having now dug it up again, the root system is healthy.  Oddly, a similar thing happened in 2015 but to the other of my two plants.  Perhaps, they’ve decided to take alternate rest years.


Colocasia esculenta, on the other hand, did pretty well.  I planted them further forward than in the past and their big, quivering leaves poked out from the undergrowth like an inquisitive herd of small elephants.  Or something.


Canna ‘Red King Herbert’ also did well with my steel supports preventing their usual habit of kneeling over to kiss the grass.


Canna coccinea

As I’ve written before, Canna coccinea doesn’t need staking and arguably had more flower this year.


I’ve split my original clump to provide two big plants and would split it again if I could squeeze in a third.


It is such an easy, satisfying plant to grow


aided by hefty amounts of pelleted chicken manure and regular watering.  It stays in the ground over-winter under a compost mulch.


Dahlia ‘Bishop of Llandaff’

Dahlias on the other hand were a mixed bag.  A couple of years ago I wrote “Dahlia ‘Twyning’s Smartie’ produces a staggering amount of flower – each one different.  It is a reliable, non-stop stalwart, thuggishly shouldering to the fore.”  But that was then and this year my confident assertion proved patently untrue: Smartie failed to produce any decent growth and isn’t visible in any of these photos.  I leave my dahlia tubers in the soil to overwinter too, again under a mulch, but I shall dig up the three or four Smarties to see what’s up.


Fortunately another mainstay of the bed flowered as well as ever – Dahlia ‘Bishop of Llandaff’.


It’s curious that under the same conditions as Smartie, Llandaff grew as normal


along with my third dahlia, D. ‘Twyning’s After Eight’.


I ought to be grateful that these two varieties performed


September 2014

(but I did miss my Smartie).


A new addition to the border last year was the hardy banana, Musa sikkimensis which continues to thrive (and reinforces my growing disregard for the more mundane, unmarked leaves of Musa Basjoo).


One of my two Abyssinian bananas did produce huge red leaves – central in the above photo – but a 50% strike rate is pretty rubbish and the failure of the other left an irritating hole in my grand scheme.  (Which actually shouldn’t be so very irritating given I’ve had the same problem two years running).


From those few tiny leaves in May (shown in the third photo from top), Tetrapanax papyrifer ‘Rex’ didn’t disappoint.   I hadn’t realised how invasive its roots are however and little clusters of leaves shoot up metres away from the parent  – and are quickly pulled up.  How many more TPR’s can I give away?


Salvia uliginosa

Despite plant supports, Salvia uliginosa still keeled over.  It grows to over six-foot and a metal ring about its knees didn’t much prevent the top two-thirds flopping about all over the place.


And that’s a shame for a plant I love so much; a plant with an enormous amount of flower right through to the first frost.


But I shall remove it completely from the tropical border next year.  With plenty of feed and daily watering it grows too vigorously, flops and madly colonises by runner to swamp the neighbours as well.  A sad farewell to an otherwise excellent plant (but I’ll use it elsewhere).


August 2016

I’m also going to remove all the Verbena bonariensis.  I originally added this as filler when the bed was still gappy but it’s hardy necessary any more (though I said that a year ago so don’t be cross if you spot it again in 2017).


Next year, thanks to the kindness of Big Plant Nursery, I’ll need to find space for Cautleya spicata ‘Robusta’, a hardy ginger, and Aechmea recurvata var. recurvata, a “super rare  bromeliad”.  Fancy.  BPN very kindly sent me these two gifts along with an invite to visit their nursery in West Sussex, which I certainly intend to take up.


October 2016

I’ve written at length over the years about my tropical border with plenty of detail on all the plants I use and various ones I’ve tried and discarded (see, amongst others,  The Tropical Border – 4th Year).  This 2016 post, originally scheduled for September, is late because of our continuing house renovation but I wanted to continue my now annual tradition of showing the border’s evolution, even without that detail I’ve provided in the past.  If nothing else it gives me a useful record of the bed from one year to the next.


First frost

Normally The Priory has its first frost in October, sometimes even in September.  This year, the border didn’t meet its mushy end until 1st November – giving me the longest display to date.  The tropical border might be a lot of work, a lot of angst and sometimes a little disappointment but in return it provides a big box of delights.  I can’t wait for 2017.





The Tropical Border – 3rd Year

Mid September already?


It seems just a few short weeks since I lugged a large Musa basjoo out of a greenhouse;DSM_3231

since I stripped the straw protection off those I’d left outside.


Only a little while since I wheeled out Colocasia esculenta


and hefty red bananas (Ensete maurelii).


Hardly any time at all since I manhandled this particular fellow into position.  Well, two of us manhandled.


April 2014

But all that was months ago – way, way back in April.  Spring was very mild this year and I gambled on getting the tropical border under way earlier than usual.  (Frosts are common at the Priory during April and even into early May).


May 2014

The gamble paid off – we had no late, hard frosts and by the end of May, daylilies, cannas and dahlias were pushing through a thick, compost mulch.  A mulch which I had generously scattered with pelleted chicken manure.


By early June, spider daylilies were blooming, including ‘Stoplight’.


But overall the bed was still fairly sparse.  Tropical borders are late starters.


A month later and it had plumped up a bit.


Lilium pardalinum looked splendid.


They flower for several weeks, look rather exotic and so sit well in this border.  I like them a lot … but not enough.  I shall remove them in the autumn.  As pretty as they are, they’re a martyr to lily beetle.  However many red beetles and ghastly grubs I picked off, later on they became infested; tatty, yellowed and horrid.  Some plants simply don’t make the grade.   But then this a learning curve for me; I find out what works by experimentation.  Sometimes disappointing experimentation.


Unlike the lilies, Dahlia ‘Twyning’s Smartie’ most certainly does work and has earned itself a regular centre-stage spot. The biggest, this one, was left in the ground over-winter, heavily mulched.  All the dahlias left in the ground performed better than those I lifted, stored and replanted.


‘Twyning’s Smartie’ produces a staggering amount of flower – each one different.  It is a reliable, non-stop stalwart, thuggishly shouldering to the fore.

DSM_Bishop of Llandaff

Mid July and another star performer has entered the fray – Dahlia ‘Bishop of Llandaff’.


Regular dead-heading should ensure flowering through to the first frost.


With two dahlias performing so very well, I’m hoping for a third.  I’ve added another to the mix – D. ‘Twyning’s After Eight’.  Though still small they’ll make a bigger impact in 2015.  Incidentally, I only grow single dahlia varieties.  I do like some of the ball and cactus forms but bees and butterflies don’t.

DSM_Tropical Border

Also by July, and at long last, my bête noire – those satellite dishes – were obscured, if only partially.  Thank you tropical border.  Thank you so very much indeed.

DSM_Tropical Border_2

Early August and Canna ‘Red King Humbert’ and red bananas add height and dark foliage.  Arundo donax – the Spanish reed – adds yet more height, but produced fewer canes than I wished for.  I have two of the variegated form (Arundo donax ‘Variegata’) – though you can’t see them.  They are at the back and only a couple of feet tall.   I can dream that they’ll tower next year.


Canna coccinea is a brilliant plant.  Hardy, handsome and stout enough to stand without support (which is all any one of us can hope for).  I have one big clump and it really should be spilt.  But I’ll struggle to find space for the new plants.  I only have so much room. 

DSM_Salvia uliginosa

I will however always find space for Salvia uliginosa.  If you don’t grow it, please explain why.  You really should.  I adore it.  Though hardly exotic, it flowers for months, doesn’t need dead-heading and grows to six or seven feet.  Did I mention that I adore it?  Even if it does need staking.

DSM_Salvia uliginosa_2

Bees love it too.  But it isn’t necessarily hardy, at least at the Priory.  I lift and store mine in the cold frame.  I feed and water prodigiously but I’ve read online that it is happy in a dry garden.  Which considering its common name, bog sage, I find surprising.  Most sources suggest propagation by cuttings but I find the easiest way is simply to divide the root ball.


There are some big foliage plants in the border:  Tetrapanax papyrifer ‘Rex’ is putting out bigger leaves each year.  I like ‘Rex’ but it does sucker like crazy.  In a confined space this can be annoying although you’ll have plenty of presents for friends.  It does fine in pots and is hardy enough to leave out over winter.


There are also two Melianthus major plants here – though you can’t see them.  They are toward the back and completely swamped.   I’ll pull them forward next year.  And the colocasias haven’t made much of a statement either – they too are towards the rear.  I’ll need to re-tinker the planting – as I do every year.


There is no denying that a tropical/exotic border is a lot of work.  Large, non-hardy plants must be planted out in spring and dug up again at the end of the season.  Dahlias will flower dementedly – if you deadhead.  Enormous Amazonian leaves will unfurl – if you feed.  The border will look lush – if you water.  But I’ve had it with hour upon hour of watering.  Next year, I shall criss-cross soaker-hose throughout the bed.  Such an obvious solution – and a little worrying that it hadn’t occurred to me before.


Colocasia esculenta peeping out, right

Hurricane Bertha proved that some of my staking was inadequate.  My friend Jill (who tended the gardens whilst I was away in Germany) had to single-handedly hoist huge, flattened plants back upright and lash them to posts.  She did a marvellous, heroic job.  Thanks Jill.

DSM_Tropical Border (2)

The border last week. Battered and banana leaves ripped by the storm, it’s just about hanging on

If you want to grab a visitor’s attention; if you wish to be enthralled by enormous jungle plants; if you long for lush green and outrageous colour for several months, then do try a tropical/exotic border.  I can’t think of any other part of the gardens that gives me quite so much pleasure.

Roll on Year 4.